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  • Folate is a water-soluble B vitamin, whose chief function in the body is DNA synthesis and therefore new cell formation. Deficiency symptoms include large-cell type anemia, a smooth red tongue, mental confusion, weakness, fatigue, irritability, headache, and elevated homocysteine levels. Folate is the form of this nutrient naturally occurring in foods, whereas folic acid is the form found in supplements and fortified foods.1

    Deficiency/Availability Issues
    Although folates are widely distributed in foods, folate deficiencies may be more frequent than expected because their true availability may be impaired due to their instability under various food cooking and processing conditions. Folate deficiency is frequently observed in elderly people, smokers, alcoholics and oral contraceptive users. It is also associated with a mutation leading to methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase defects in which 10 percent of the population will have varying inability to convert folate/folic acid to its biologically active form 5-methyltetrahydrofolate (5- MTHF).2 Another problem relating to folate availability is autoantibodies against folate receptors on the choroid plexus3 (the area on the ventricles of the brain where cerebrospinal fluid is produced). In short, a folate deficiency can occur due to an inadequate dietary intake, malabsorption, altered hepatic and peripheral metabolism, or an increased elimination of folate.4

    Consequently, supplementation with ordinary folic acid may not always address deficiency issues, particularly for those individuals who are unable to effectively convert this nutrient into its active 5-MTHF form. In these cases supplementation with 5-MTHF may be necessary. Furthermore, the bioavailability of 5-MTHF and other clinical data argue to make it the preferred form of folic acid for supplementation in general.

    Bioavailability of 5-MTHF
    In one study of 5-MTHF or folic acid administration in patients with coronary artery disease, 5-MTHF demonstrated significantly higher bioavailability. Irrespective of the patients’ enzymatic genotype, supplementation with 5-MTHF resulted in a 700 percent higher plasma folate concentration compared to supplementation with folic acid.5 Likewise, significantly greater red blood cell folate concentrations were observed after 24 weeks of supplementation with 5-MTHF compared to folic acid and placebo.6

    5-MTHF Doesn’t Mask B12 Deficiency
    A well established clinical issue is that supplementation with folic acid can mask an underlying vitamin B12 deficiency.7 A distinct advantage of 5-MTHF is that while it can treat a folic acid deficiency, it is unlikely to mask the hematologic indicators of vitamin B12 deficiency.8

    5-MTHF & Homocysteine
    5-MTHF is required for the remethylation of homocysteine to methionine. By inhibiting this remethylation pathway, folate deficiency induces homocysteine efflux into the circulation. This explains why many studies have shown that folate deficiency is a major cause of hyperhomocysteinemia.9

    A 3-month study examined the effect of oral 5-MTHF treatment in 72 patients with hyperhomocysteinemia. The results were a very highly statistically significant reduction in homocysteine levels (P=0.002) to normal levels in both subjects with high and medium homocysteine levels. Furthermore, there was also a highly statistically significant reduction in the prooxidant cysteinylglycine. This suggests that 5-MTHF has an additive antioxidant action through increased nitric oxide production and superoxide radical scavenging, which may help to ameliorate endothelial dysfunction.10 This additional antioxidant action makes a good case for the use of 5-MTHF in place of folic acid for helping to promote healthy levels of homocysteine.

    In addition, in a 24-week, randomized, placebo-controlled study 167 healthy patients were randomly assigned to receive a daily supplement containing folic acid, 5-MTHF or placebo. The results were that homocysteine levels were 14.6 percent lower in the 5-MTHF and 9.3 percent lower in the folic acid group compared to the placebo group. Clearly 5-MTHF was more effective than folic acid in lowering homocysteine levels.11

    5-MTHF & Oropharyngeal Mucous Membranes
    The oropharyngeal mucous membrane (the part of the pharynx between the soft palate and the epiglottis) can atrophy as a result of vitamin B12 and folic acid deficiencies. In a study12 of twenty-three patients' oropharyngeal mucous atrophies, treatment consisted of 5-MTHF for one month, and then vitamin B12 for another month. After the first month, 20 patients showed pink oral mucous membrane and reported the disappearance of caustic symptoms, and the laboratory tests showed values within normal limits. Furthermore, hypersensitive ulcers on the lips disappeared. The other three patients, who still had values under normal limits, were subjects who had undergone long-term chemotherapy. For these patients the therapy was continued for a further month, at which point the lingual mucous membrane appeared pink and re-epitheliated and patients reported disappearance of the painful oral symptoms. Also, laboratory tests were repeated again for all the patients and these confirmed values within normal limits for vitamin B12 and folic acid.

    5-MTHF & Moodiness
    Several studies have documented that 5-MTHF was able to promote improvement in patients experiencing moodiness. In one study,13 elderly patients being treated with standard psychotropic medication were additionally given 5-MTHF. Patients with borderline or definite folate deficiency experienced improvements in mood, and patients with normal levels of folate experienced significantly improvements in mood after three weeks of treatment. Similar beneficial results were seen with 5-MTHF supplementation in a doubleblind, placebo-controlled trial.14 The authors of this particular study also commented that their findings contributed to the evidence implicating disturbances of methylation in the nervous system in the biology of mood disturbances. A 6-week open-label trial15 using 5-MTHF noted that 81 percent of patients showed a markedly significant improvement in their moody symptoms at endpoint.


    1. Bruno Jr EJ, Zeigenfuss TM. Water-soluble Vitamins: Research Update. Current Sports Medicine Reports 2005; 4:207–213.
    2. Durand P, Prost M, Blache D. Folate deficiencies and cardiovascular pathologies. Clin Chem Lab Med 1998;36(7):419–29.
    3. Ramaekers VT, Rothenberg SP, Sequeira JM, Opladen T, Blau N, Quadros EV, Selhub J. Autoantibodies to folate receptors in the cerebral folate deficiency syndrome. N Engl J Med 2005;352(19):1985–91.
    4. Sikka PK, McMartin KE. Determination of folate transport pathways in cultured rat proximal tubule cells. Chemico-Biological Interact 114:15–31, 1998.
    5. Willems FF, Boers GH, Blom HJ, et al. Pharmacokinetic study on the utilisation of 5- methyltetrahydrofolate and folic acid in patients with coronary artery disease. Br J Pharmacol 2004;141:825–30.
    6. Lamers Y, Prinz-Langenohl R, Bramswig S, Pietrzik K. Red blood cell folate concentrations increase more after supplementation with [6S]-5-methyltetrahydrofolate than with folic acid in women of childbearing age. Am J Clin Nutr 2006;84:156–61.
    7. Whitney EN, Cataldo CB, Rolfes SR: Understanding Normal and Clinical Nutrition. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth/Thompson Learning; 2002:322–8.
    8. Venn BJ, Green TJ, Moser R, Mann JI. Comparison of the effect of low-dose supplementation with L-5-methyltetrahydrofolate or folic acid on plasma homocysteine: a randomized placebo-controlled study. Am J Clin Nutr 2003;77:658–62.
    9. Durand P, et al. Clin Chem Lab Med 1998;36(7):419–29.
    10. Caruso R, Campolo J, Sedda V, De Chiara B, Dellanoce C, Baudo F, Tonini A, Parolini M, Cighetti G, Parodi O. Effect of homocysteine lowering by 5-methyltetrahydrofolate on redox status in hyperhomocysteinemia. J Cardiovasc Pharmacol 2006;47(4):549–55.
    11. Durand P, et. al. Clin Chem Lab Med1998;36(7):419–29.
    12. Bottero A, Lauritano D, Spadari F, Zambellini Artini M, Salvato A. Atrophy of the oro-pharyngeal mucosa caused by vitamin B12 and folic acid deficiency. Etiopathologic aspects and clinico-therapeutic problems. Minerva Stomatol 1997;46(7-8):359–74.
    13. Passeri M, Cucinotta D, Abate G, Senin U, Ventura A, Stramba Badiale M, Diana R, La Greca P, Le Grazie C. Oral 5-methyltetrahydrofolic acid in senile organic mental disorders with depression: results of a double-blind multicenter study. Aging (Milano) 1993;5:63–71.
    14. Godfrey PS, Toone BK, Carney MW, Flynn TG, Bottiglieri T, Laundy M, Chanarin I, Reynolds EH. Enhancement of recovery from psychiatric illness by methylfolate. Lancet 1990;336:392–395.
    15. Guaraldi GP, Fava M, Mazzi F, la Greca P. An open trial of methyltetrahydrofolate in elderly depressed patients. Ann Clin Psychiatry 1993;5:101–5.
  • Focus on Health

    • Today’s clothing industry is a seven trillion dollar a year industry that uses an astounding 8,000 synthetic chemicals;
    • Consumers have the mistaken illusion that synthetic fibers in clothing are safe;
    • For over half a century people have been reacting negatively to chemicals interacting with their skin causing disorders like infertility, respiratory diseases, contact dermatitis and, yes, even cancer;
    • The more synthetic clothing you wear, the greater your risk of absorbing toxic chemicals that can precipitate health conditions most often not attributed to synthetic fibers.

    Key Points

    • Your skin is the largest organ of elimination and absorption—what goes ON the skin goes IN the body;
    • When toxins are absorbed through your skin, they are taken-up by the lymphatic system, then into the blood stream and eventually the liver—the chemical-processing plant of the body responsible for removing toxins;
    • Your skin also keeps you healthy by actually venting approximately one pound of toxins daily;
    • Petrochemical fibers restrict and suffocate your skin—shutting down toxic release rather than allowing it to escape—contributing to your total body burden and may be the trigger for the onset of disease;
    • A “toxic soup” is created when combining multiple chemicals that interact to create an even more toxic substance and health consequences than individual chemicals by themselves.

    Fabric may not be the first thing that comes to mind when you think about living a healthier lifestyle, but it definitely should be considered. Even many “health nuts” don’t realize that synthetic fabrics are teaming with chemicals and dyes that cannot be washed out, making them a potential health hazard.

    Most synthetic fabrics, from towels to dress shirts and bed linens, are treated with chemicals during and after processing. These chemicals not only leach into the environment, impacting groundwater, wildlife, air and soil, but they also may be absorbed or inhaled directly.

    “The use of man-made chemicals is increasing, and at the same time we have warning signals that a variety of wildlife and human health problems are becoming more prevalent,” says Dr. Richard Dixon, Head of the World Wildlife Federation (WWF) Scotland. “It is reckless to suggest there is no link between the two and give chemicals the benefit of the doubt. Urgent action is needed to replace hazardous chemicals with safer alternatives especially in clothing and other consumer products.”

    WWF is so concerned about one fairly new clothing additive that they advised parents to check their children’s clothing labels. If the chemical is on it, they advise switching to clothing made from natural fibers whenever possible.

    Teflon in Your Trousers
    The chemicals that the WWF was warning about are perfluorinated chemicals (PFCs), which include the non-stick additive Teflon. These chemicals are increasingly being added to clothing because it makes them last longer and also can make them wrinkle-free. Most clothing labeled “no-iron” contains PFCs.

    I have written about and consulted with patients worldwide regarding their allergic responses from synthetic fibers—bedding, clothing, car interiors, exercise/athletic clothing, mattresses, hats, etc.—that said, the frequency of recent incidents is very alarming to me and it should be to you. The allergic responses now commonly being reported as a result of these synthetic chemicals include, but are definitely not limited to:

    • Skin rashes and lesions that can be cancerous
    • Nausea
    • Unexplained fatigue
    • Burning and itching
    • Unexplained headaches
    • Blurred vision
    • Difficulty breathing
    • Reoccurring sinus infections not previously experienced
    • Sudden inflammation and pain; especially in soft tissues

    Keep in mind that if you have mysterious “invisible illnesses” that linger and yet you’re told “everything is within normal range,” it’s time to look into whether the fibers your clothes and bedding are made of could be the problem; it is for many.

    Recent Case History:
    The following is a quote from a patient of mine who I have worked with via long-distance for years. Hopefully her experience will assist others when mysterious skin eruptions appear and to further make my point about the toxicity of chemicals used in synthetic fibers and coloring.

    “I wore a white cotton tank top with orange embroidery around the neck line. After a few hours the skin around the neck line was scratchy and bothersome so I removed the garment. I noticed small red irritation where the embroidery touched my skin but really thought very little of it as I assumed it would go away. After a few weeks the skin still appeared irritated so I started using my ‘safe’ moisturizing lotion. When this had no affect I saw a dermatologist and explained the situation. He determined the skin was pre-cancerous and prescribed a cortisone ointment for the next five weeks. If the skin is not completely healed at the end of this time the doctor said we need to remove it. I questioned the dermatologist about how and why this happened and he informed me that skin irritations such as these can lead to cancer.

    I have been very careful to wear only 100 percent cotton for years and soak/wash any new clothes four times (powdered milk soak, safe detergent, vinegar, baking soda) prior to use since I have been immune challenged for years.

    I have noticed that even if I touch my father’s colored cotton/polyester blend shirts/socks that I feel an odd sensation in my fingertips. This does not persist but is a very strange feeling. I have similar experiences with the cloth grocery bags from health food stores that make me immediately put it down. It is not the exact feeling of a static shock but close. The dermatologist shared with me that he has seen this type of reaction from other patients that can only be attributed to toxic chemicals and dyes used in manufacturing.”

    Which Fabric Finishes “Scream” Toxic Chemicals?

    1. Easy Care—Wrinkle-free, shrinkage-free—these garments release formaldehyde;
    2. Water Repellent—Fluoropolymers (as in Teflon) are used to repel oil and water;
    3. Flame Retardants;
    4. Bacterial and Fungicidal Chemicals—Triclosan and nano-particles are used for these purposes, dangerous neurotoxins and irritants.

    Fabrics containing Formaldehyde—linked to a 30 percent increase in lung cancer, skin/lung irritation and contact dermatitis:

    • Anti-cling, anti-static, anti-shrink
    • Waterproof
    • Perspiration-proof
    • Moth-proof and mildew resistant
    • Chlorine resistant

    It’s also used in dyes and printing to fix the design and prevent “running.” It is widely used in bedding so it’s best to use bedding that is all cotton and in light or white colors to eliminate risk from formaldehyde used to set colored fabrics.

    What You Need to Know

    • Most governments restrict formaldehyde levels in clothing… but NOT the U.S. One of the worst offenders is China. Beware of “Made in China” labels.
    • Use of formaldehyde in clothing is extremely widespread. There have even been lawsuits alleging high levels of it in Victoria’s Secret bras.
    • High temperatures and humidity make “poison clothes” even worse—they open your pores and increase chemical absorption.
    • You absorb formaldehyde from multiple sources daily, so don’t be fooled by manufacturers’ reassurances.
    • Disperse Blue Dyes may look gorgeous—even regal—but they put you at high risk for contact dermatitis. . . especially dark blue, brown, and black synthetic clothing. It’s important to note—laundering does not reverse that risk.
    • Worse. . . Disperse Blue # 1 is classified as a human carcinogen due to high malignant tumor levels in lab animals.
    • Incidentally, you might be interested to know that this dye also shows up in cosmetics and semi-permanent hair dyes.

    Fire and Burn Hazards
    The U.S. Marine Corps now prohibits troops in Iraq from wearing synthetic clothing while off base . . . after too many unfortunate burns from soldiers wearing polyester, acrylic, and nylon—which readily melts in high heat and fuses to the skin. (What did you expect? This stuff is a first cousin to plastic—both products of the oil industry.)

    Of course, that begs the question of whether flame retardants are safer. . .

    Historical Perspective
    Flame Retardant use began in 1971, when government required children’s sleepwear to be self-extinguishing; their solution was to add Brominated Tris. Studies measuring urine samples showed that this chemical is readily absorbed.

    Brominated Tris is a mutagen*, and causes cancer and sterility in animals and have also shown they cause testicular atrophy and sterility.
    *Mutagens cause inheritable mutations by damaging DNA

    Tris was banned in children’s clothing in 1977 (but lives on in upholstered furniture foam, baby carriers, and bassinets). Today most synthetic fabrics contain a new generation of flame retardants bonded into the fabric, which must survive 50+ washings.

    According to the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission’s National Burn Center, only 36 children a year suffer serious injuries from sleepwear catching fire. My heart goes out to these tragic victims and their families. But is the toxic contamination of millions of children worth protecting 36 children per year from burns?

    The Way I See It
    This sort of regulation is a product of the “precautionary principle”—the notion that there should be no limit to the amount of money spent or the amount of inconvenience inflicted on millions of people when it comes to preventing rare dangers that affect a tiny number of people. The mania for making our society risk-proof and accident-proof actually increases danger in many cases.

    The Consumer Product Safety Commission exempts certain sleepwear from flammability standards. Two companies selling kids’ sleepwear without flame retardants are L.L.Bean and Lands’ End.

    But it’s not just children’s sleepwear—demand is high for fire-retardant uniforms and civilian clothing.

    Lab studies show that flame retardants (PBDEs) can cause a slew of health issues—thyroid problems, brain damage, ADHD symptoms, fertility problems and even cancer.

    The insecticide permethrin is now in civilian outdoor wear and military uniforms even though no long-term studies have assessed its safety.

    Focus on Health
    • Scientists find that restrictive bras suppress the lymphatic system—needed to flush toxins from your breasts and lymph nodes and to help prevent breast cancer;
    • Despite wide appeal of synthetic athletic apparel, medical studies show that synthetic fibers cause muscle fatigue— which can make the difference between winning and losing for competitive athletes;
    • A study of 24–27-year-old-males, showed that natural linen long sleeved shirts were worn for five hours—and then polyester ones were worn for another five hours. Their arms were monitored during both with electrodes measuring skin temperature and velocity of the men's muscle tissue. No changes were measurable when they wore linen. However, when they donned polyester they endured a range of muscle disruptions.
    Key Points
    • While individual chemicals might not endanger your health, the synergistic effect of multiple chemicals (a “toxic soup”) interacting can have unpredictable negative health effects;
    • Choose natural fibers. While not always as easy to find, its best to do so when possible:

    Cotton — preferably organic still remains the “king” of textiles. Organic accounts for less than one percent of worldwide production;
    Flax — one of nature’s strongest fibers;
    Hemp — grows without any need for fungicides, herbicides, or pesticides because it’s naturally insect-resistant. Its fibers are reported to be four times stronger than cotton. This is NOT the hemp known for its mind-altering properties;
    Silk —known as the “queen of fabrics.” Watch out for the use of synthetic dyes in this fiber.
    Wool —most of today’s wool is contaminated with chemicals, i.e., pesticides used to kill parasites. But organic wool is becoming more common.
    Other — alpaca, angora, camel, cashmere, mohair, ramie, aluyot.

    You Need to Know…
    The Organic Trade Association estimates that one non-organic cotton T-shirt uses one-third pound of pesticides and fertilizers. Cotton production uses one-fourth of the entire world’s fertilizers. It’s another good reason to choose organic cotton to add to the ones above.

    Don’t get over-whelmed, start small. Choose organic for clothing closet to your skin most of the time—underwear, sleepwear, camisoles, sheets/pillow cases, etc. Build on your organic wardrobe as you replace items.

    Are You Getting a Charge? Electrostatic charges accumulate in synthetic clothing. There are reported incidents of shocking mini-explosions from mixing layers of synthetic clothing with synthetic carpeting. And get this…synthetic undergarments contribute to infertility in men.

    A 24-month study of male dogs wearing either loose-fitting polyester underpants or loose-fitting cotton ones showed that wearing polyester created significant decreases in sperm count and degeneration of the testes. The animals wearing cotton suffered no side effects. (And, please, no emails to the editor about dogs wearing underwear. I agree, it sounds silly but no humans would volunteer!)

    Scientists hypothesize that polyester traps body heat, encourages chemical absorption, and creates electrostatic buildup… which all affect sperm count.

    Personal Perspective
    I'm mindful of the problems with synthetic fibers and dyes because (cancer concerns aside) I'm sensitive to a wide range of chemicals as are most of my patients.

    A few years ago I bought a beautiful set of sheets from an upscale store. The label said they were 100 percent cotton, but after sleeping in them a few nights I experienced all my old fibromyalgia pains that had long ago resolved (unless I eat foods in the nightshade genre or consume MSG) and I was now again experiencing bone and muscle pain from head to toe. Repeated washings didn't get out whatever the offending substance was—it never does.

    I got a terrible reaction from the dyes or maybe the chemicals used to make those all-cotton sheets "no-iron." You can only imagine what true synthetic cloth can do to us; after all, it's largely a product of the oil industry. After I switched to a high-quality set of organic sheets, all my symptoms were resolved.

    Invisible Saboteurs
    We have the illusion that clothes made from synthetic fibers are safe, but the materials are in fact full of invisible chemicals the clothing industry prefers we donft think about.

    A hundred years ago, clothing was made of natural fibers like cotton, flax, wool, and silk—synthetics weren't developed until the early 1900s.

    Although rayon was introduced in 1924, the first truly synthetic fiber was nylon, made by DuPont from the petro-molecule toluene. Nylon was first used because it was a popular material for women's stockings and later panty hose.

    Other synthetics followed:
    • Acrylic (1950), aka, "wash-and-wear fabrics"—a "revolutionary time-saving leap" for homemakers.
    • Polyester (1953), "wrinkle free" fabrics developed from xylene and ethylene.
    • Spandex and olefin (1959), which became the mainstay of sportswear, swim suits, and thermal underwear. Olefin is produced by "cracking" petroleum molecules into propylene and ethylene gases.

    The Way I See It
    Don't wait until you or a loved one has a health issue before changing the products you purchase. Yes, organic cotton does cost a bit more...but then...isn't it more cost effective to stay healthy than to get well?

    I'm especially concerned about pregnant woman and their newborn children, make the decision as parents and grandparents to create a safe nontoxic nursery beginning with non-toxic no VOC paint to hard surface flooring, the crib and bedding and the clothing used for a newborn whose immune system is not fully developed to provide maximum protection, naturally. 

    1. Clement, Anna Maria, and Clement, Brian, Killer Clothes: How Seemingly Innocent Clothing Choices Endanger Your Health . . . And How to Protect Yourself! Hippocrates Publications, 2011. p. 75.
    2. Much of the information in this article was taken from the book Killer Clothes, by the Clements.

    2. Clement, Anna Maria, and Clement, Brian, Killer Clothes: How Seemingly Innocent Clothing Choices Endanger Your Health . . . And How to Protect Yourself! Hippocrates Publications, 2011. p. 75.

  • Menopause is the term used to describe the progressive cessation of menstruation in a woman over time. Menopause typically occurs after a woman’s child-bearing years, between the ages of 45 and 50. Some women, however, experience it as early as 35 and as late as 60 years old. The process of menopause can last for two to six years, during which time a woman’s hormone levels change due to the reduction in the production of estrogen and progesterone in the ovaries as they cease to produce eggs. Physiologically, menopause marks the end of a woman’s childbearing capacity and is a part of her natural aging process.

  • I've been a pharmacist for 25 years now. Let's face, I know the good, the bad and the ugly drugs. I know we need some of them, and I know that others are not useful, or worse, they are harmful. So today I've decided to share the best remedies that help from head to toe:

    Headaches- Taking butterbur (Petasites hybridus) at a dose of 75mg twice daily helps reduce the frequency and intensity of migraines. You can take all the triptan drugs you want (ie Imitrex, Zomig or others) but these drugs usually just reduce pain, sometimes they abort a headache. The butterbur may slash the number of attacks in half. This is HUGE if you have to hold down a job or take care of kiddos. I discussed butterbur and dozens of other solutions my book, Headache Free.

    Hypothyroidism- It's impossible to have healthy thyroid function without selenium. Not only will it hinder your ability to make thyroid hormone, it will also stifle your ability to use the hormone inside the cell. There's more about selenium, iodine, B12 and ashwagandha at my website where I archive other articles on thyroid health.

    Heart Failure- Niacin (vitamin B3) was found to reduce heart attack and stroke risk in a 2010 study published in the Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology and Therapeutics. Doses vary tremendously, so please do nothing until you have your physician's approval. Niacin causes vasodilation (opens vessels) which reduces arterial pressure. I would be remiss if I didn't mention CoQ10 while discussing the heart or heart failure. CoQ10 also lowers blood pressure. I like about 100 to 200 mg daily but again, please always ask your doctor what's right for you.

    Digestive disorders- My number one go-to supplement is probiotics. These improve digestion and support a healthy immune system and mood. Digestive enzymes break down the food you eat into absorbable molecules. For heartburn, I recommend slippery elm or marshmallow root. As for nausea and vomiting, ginger tea is gentle and popular. It's a mild blood thinner though, so be careful. And finally peppermint supplements can help with irritable bowel syndrome. The value of peppermint has been discussed many times, even in the British Medical Journal in 2008.

    Bone loss- We all know about calcium. But did you know without enough magnesium, vitamin D or K2, you don't even incorporate the calcium into your bones?! So keep in mind the best bone-building supplements contain key minerals, you don't just push one like calcium all by itself. Natural strontium is another over-the-counter mineral used for bone integrity.

    Painful knees- Glucosamine sulfate promotes cartilage formation. Collagen is another supplement that reduces pain in the knee joint of osteoarthritis sufferers. A 2012 study in the Annals of Rheumatic Disease found that losing weight helped reduce the amount of cartilage loss while increasing proteoglycan content (squishiness).

    Toenail fungus- Apply essential oil of tea tree, and eliminate all sugars. You should also be checked for diabetes if you have a lot of toenail fungus.

  • An ancient adage from Chinese medicine says, “A doctor would rather treat ten men than one woman.”Chinese medicine validates what women have always known, we are indeed intricate creatures! Our hormones are in part responsible for this complexity. Their ebb and flow influence all aspects of a woman’s physical, emotional and mental well-being.